Category: Advent Calendar Dec 2019
ReQuest2021 Online Advent Calendar – Day 14
An outline summary of the 14 articles of the Antarctic Treaty:
- No military use shall be made of Antarctica, though military personnel and equipment may be used for peaceful purposes.
- There will be complete freedom of scientific investigation.
- Antarctic Treaty Nations will exchange plans for their scientific programmes, scientific data will be freely available and scientists will be exchanged between expeditions where practical.
- All territorial claims are put aside for the duration of the Treaty. No activities under the Treaty will affect claims to sovereignty of any part of Antarctica made by any nation.
- Nuclear explosions and nuclear waste disposal are banned from Antarctica.
- The Treaty applies to all land and ice shelves south of 60° South, but not to the seas.
- All Antarctic stations and all ships and aircraft supplying Antarctica shall be open to inspectors from any Treaty nation.
- Observers and exchange scientists shall be under the jurisdiction of their own country regardless of which national station they may visit. National laws do not apply to stations or areas, but only to the citizens of those countries.
- Treaty nations will meet to consider ways of furthering the principles and objectives of the Treaty. Attendance at these meetings shall be limited to those countries that are engaged in substantial scientific research activity in Antarctica. Unanimous approval will be necessary for any new measures to become effective (i.e. everyone has to agree).
- All Treaty Nations will try to ensure that no one carries out any activity in Antarctica that is against the Treaty.
- Any dispute by Treaty Nations, if not settled by agreement, shall be determined by the International Court of Justice.
- The Treaty may be modified at any time by unanimous agreement. After 30 years any consultative Party may call for a conference to review the operation of the Treaty. The Treaty may be modified at this conference by a majority decision.
- The Treaty must be legally ratified (agreed to) by any nation wishing to join. Any member of the United Nations may join as well as any other country invited to do so by the Treaty Nations. All notices and records are deposited with the Archives of the United States of America.
- The Treaty translated into English, French, Russian and Spanish was signed on 1st December 1959 by 12 states and entered into force on 23rd of June 1961.
More facts about the Antarctic Treaty: http://blogs.sun.ac.za/antarcticlegacy/wp-content/blogs.dir/189/files/2015/10/Facts-about-the-Antarctic-Treaty.pdf
ReQuest2021 Online Advent Calendar – Day 13
ANTARCTICA Dream-Dollars Thirteen Dollar Notes
A little touch of fantasy art and quirky fake Antarctic inspired mythology today…
The Thirteen Dollar note is the center of the Dream-Dollar System, which is why it is a vertical note, rather than the normal horizontal design. This note is about the forces and power of Change. The number thirteen is an irrational number, and has always been associated with bad luck and jinxes. There are thirteen lunar cycles in a year, so this number is closely associated with the moon, which represents intuition, emotion, and dreams. But the moon has a dark side, so it also means lunacy, madness and curses, as with werewolves.
Dream Dollars: The Currency of a Lost Antarctic Civilization. In the mid 19th century, Samuel Brundt — inspired by a delirious vision — led an expedition to establish a utopian colony called Nadira in Antarctica. The colony thrives for many years, thanks to a chemical compound called Heaven’s Fire, and even discovered the remains of an ancient Antarctic civilization, long frozen beneath the ice. Eventually, however, under mysterious circumstances, the colony of Nadira disappeared.
Or, at least, that’s the mythology driving Dream Dollars, a web site selling some truly eclectic fake money from the lost colony of Nambira.
ReQuest2021 Online Advent Calendar – Day 12
Twelve months of the year below zero!
At the South Pole, 2,800 meters (9,200 feet) above sea level, the average annual temperature is -49 °C (-56 °F), ranging from about -28 °C (-18 °F) in January to about -59.5 °C (-74.5 °F) in July. The lowest recorded temperature is -83 °C (-117 °F), while the highest is -12 °C (10 °F).
Here are the average temperatures of the South Pole (Amundsen–Scott Station) for the twelve months of the year…
ReQuest2021 Online Advent Calendar – Day 10
10 Strange Things Found Frozen In Ice In Antarctica
“And the number one item is…?”
ReQuest2021 Online Advent Calendar – Day 9
Nine Astounding Antarctica Bird Facts
“Antarctica is a fantastic cruise destination for birdwatchers. There are some 46 different species for you to check off your wish-list, with over 100 million individuals coming together on our southern continent to breed along the coastlines and offshore islands every year.
With that many birds on the horizon there’s no way we can brief you on them all. So here are nine fascinating facts to whet your Antarctic appetite.”
ReQuest2021 Online Advent Calendar – Day 7
360° Virtual Reality Video – Exploring the seventh continent
Today you get to stand amidst a Gentoo penguin colony and take in all the sights and sounds; explore the stunning landscapes in 360° Virtual Reality on a Quark Antarctic Expedition…
(Source: Quark Expeditions)
ReQuest2021 Online Advent Calendar – Day 6
According to CBS news the Antarctic ice sheet is melting 6 times faster than in 1979…
ReQuest2021 Online Advent Calendar – Day 5
The Arctic vs Antarctica: 5 differences between these two frozen lands:
And an associated TED Education Video…